Ronald C. Kobernick, DDS, MScD, PA
10601 Seminole Blvd, Largo, FL & 111 2nd Avenue NE, St. Petersburg, FL

Orthodontic Treatment Systems: Fixed Brackets (Braces)

Using ceramic (clear) braces on the front teeth and metal brackets/bands on the back teeth, we have optimal ability to move individual teeth and their roots. These very esthetic braces are bonded (cemented) directly to the teeth, and they will minimally interfere with your functioning. The braces are combined with stainless steel wires of various thickness, and elastic thread/chains to move teeth along a prescribed path.

The braces are delicate, and they can be dislodged from the teeth if you eat hard or sticky foods (see the previous list of foods to avoid).


Attached to your braces, Elastics (rubber bands) are sometime used with fixed appliances. They exert the proper force that creates pressure to move teeth. In order for this force to remain constant, elastics must be worn all the time and changed every day. Any time missed in wearing your elastics will only make your treatment take longer, so remember these things:

  • Make sure to wear the elastics as instructed. Remove them only when brushing your teeth, gums and braces. Then put them back on immediately.
  • Always carry a few elastics with you, so if one breaks you can replace it right away. If your supply is low, call the office and we will mail you an additional supply of elastics.
  • If you forget to insert your elastics one day, don't double up the next day — just follow your regular instructions.
  • If elastics are to be worn on both sides, do not use them on one side only.
  • Elastics become worn out. When they lose their elasticity, they don't provide the proper pressure on your teeth. It is very important to change them as directed, even when they are not broken.

If your elastics break frequently, a wire or band loosens, or a hook breaks off — call our office immediately. Don't wait until your next appointment. These problems need to be corrected as soon as possible!

How do fixed brackets (braces) straighten crooked teeth?

Braces use constant, gentle pressure, which over time move teeth into their proper position. The two main components of your braces are: the brackets that are placed on your teeth, and the main archwire that connects them. The bracket is a piece of shaped metal or ceramic that is attached to each tooth. The archwire is bent to reflect your "ideal" bite. In other words, it reflects the way we want your teeth to be positioned after treatment.

The arch wire threads through the brackets and, as the wire tries to return to its original shape, it applies pressure to move your teeth. Elastic forces are applied to your braces to assist in movement of the teeth.


10601 Seminole Blvd., Largo, FL 33778 P: 727-397-8503 F: 727-398-2679

390 4th Street North, St. Petersburg, FL 33701 P: 727-397-8503