Ronald C. Kobernick, DDS, MScD, PA
10601 Seminole Blvd, Largo, FL & 111 2nd Avenue NE, St. Petersburg, FL

Factors Affecting Periodontal Health

Factors affecting the health of your gums include:

  • Genetics
  • Tobacco Usage
  • Diabetes and some other systemic diseases
  • Stress
  • Occlusal (bite) interferences
  • Clenching and grinding your teeth
  • Medication
  • Poor Nutrition

Periodontal Disease and Tobacco

You are probably familiar with the links between tobacco use and lung disease, cancer, and heart disease.

Current studies have now linked tobacco as a risk factor in the development and severity of periodontal disease. There may be a greater incidence of calculus formation on teeth, deeper pockets between gums and teeth, as well as greater loss of the bone and fibers that secure teeth in position. In addition, your chance of developing oral cancer increases with the use of tobacco. The use of smokeless tobacco especially increases the risk of oral cancer.

Further, the use of tobacco products can interfere with achieving predictable results following periodontal, implant, and grafting (bone and soft tissue) procedures.

We strongly encourage patients to stop tobacco use, and the availability of new products can help our patients stop.

Diabetes and Oral Health

Individuals suffering from diabetes have defects in small blood vessels, not only in the extremities (toes/fingers), and the retina of the eye, but also the gums. Diabetics are at a higher risk of developing bacterial infections of the mouth. These infections may result in greater difficulty of controlling your diabetes. This “vicious cycle” makes periodontal disease in the diabetic more severe, treatment more difficult, and recurrence more likely.

Steps to prevent periodontal disease in the diabetic are the same as those for non-diabetics: daily flossing and brushing to remove plaque from your teeth and gums, in combination with professional cleanings and regular periodontal evaluation. Keep our office informed of your medical history and the current status of your condition. Finally, you can help resist periodontal infection by maintaining control of your blood sugar levels.

Medication Side Effects

Some medications can complicate treatment by causing gum tissue overgrowth.

  • Certain Blood Pressure Medications (Calcium-Channel Blockers)
  • Certain Anti-Seizure Medications (Dilantin)
  • Certain Immune Suppressant Medications (Cyclosporin)

10601 Seminole Blvd., Largo, FL 33778 P: 727-397-8503 F: 727-398-2679

390 4th Street North, St. Petersburg, FL 33701 P: 727-397-8503